Albanians are ranked among the countries that have the highest number of marriages in Europe in relation to the population, but a significant part of them end up in divorce, ranking us again among the first in Europe.
The data are published by Eurostat in the report: "How many marriages and divorces have occurred in 2020?". In 2020 there were 6.16 marriages per thousand inhabitants, almost double the European Union average rate of 3.2.
Many get married, but also many get divorced. In Albania, in 2020, 1.5 divorces per thousand inhabitants were registered, reflected in the Eurostat map in green, which shows the countries in the fourth category with the highest divorce rates (1.4-1.6). While in the region, Albania ranks first. Kosovo has the lowest divorce rate in the region, with 0.5 per thousand inhabitants and the highest after us Montenegro, with 1.3. Kosovo also has the lowest divorce rate in all of Europe. Kosovo also holds the record for marriages in Europe, with 9.8 marriages per thousand inhabitants (year 2019).
In 2019, 2.1 divorces per thousand inhabitants were registered in Albania. The reduction in 2020 is related to the consequences of the pandemic and quarantine that accompanied it, which led to the adjudication of fewer cases. While in 2019, which is a normal year, our country is ranked 11th in Europe for the high number of divorces.
In Europe, the record for separation is held by couples from the countries of the former Soviet Union, Ukraine, Latvia, Lithuania, Georgia, then the Nordic countries such as Sweden, Finland, Estonia.
Other INSTAT data show that the number of divorces has increased significantly in the last decade. In 2019, there were 26 divorces per 100 marriages, from 8.2 which was this indicator in the early 1990s. Economic difficulties, emigration, domestic violence, but also the increase of women's economic independence are some of the reasons that have influenced this trend. About 56% of divorce applications in 2019 were made by women, according to other court data.
According to Eurostat, since 1964, the marriage rate in the EU has dropped from 8.0 per 1,000 inhabitants in 1964 to 3.2 in 2020. At the same time, the divorce rate has doubled, rising from 0.8 per 1,000 people in 1964 to 1.6 in 2020. It is interesting, says Eurostat, that the divorce rate has decreased in the last decade, from 1.9 per 1000 people in 2010.
In 2020, there were about 1.4 million marriages and about 0.7 million divorces in the EU, according to the latest data available for all EU member states, from 1.9 million marriages and 0.8 million divorces estimated in 2019. Decline unprecedented marriages can be attributed somewhat to measures related to limiting the spread of COVID-19.
The EU Member States with the highest number of marriages in relation to the population were Hungary (6.9 marriages per 1000 persons), Latvia (5.6) and Lithuania (5.5). In contrast, the lowest marriage rates were around 2 marriages per 1000 inhabitants, which were reported in Italy (1.6), Portugal (1.8), Spain and Ireland (both 1.9).